Kriminologisches Journal

Desistance and the State: Revisiting the Individualization Thesis in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Zusammenfassung

The growing influence of neo-liberalism in crime policy and practice has resulted in the responsibilization of individuals: criminality and risk tend now to be seen as operating at the individual level, rather than the structural level. Individuals are solely responsible for their actions, not only in starting offending but also in stopping, and are to blame for their own predicament (an epistemological fallacy). Herein, we argue that structural barriers to rehabilitation and reintegration were erected by political decision making from the 1980s. This resulted in criminal justice practitioners increasingly focussing on individual-level factors (cognition, agency, employability) and neglecting the structural causes of offending. We thus propose that the state take a more proactive stance in reducing reoffending and fostering opportunities for reintegration through broader social welfarism, rather than penal policies.

 

Beitrag
Desistance and the State: Revisiting the Individualization Thesis in Criminology and Criminal Justice
Kriminologisches Journal (ISSN 0341-1966), Ausgabe 3, Jahr 2022, Seite 181 - 198

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Titel

Desistance and the State: Revisiting the Individualization Thesis in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Zeitschrift

Kriminologisches Journal (ISSN 0341-1966), Ausgabe 3, Jahr 2022, Seite 181 - 198

DOI

10.3262/KJ2203181

Zitation

Monica Barry, Stephen Farrall, Alan France, Desistance and the State: Revisiting the Individualization Thesis in Criminology and Criminal Justice (2022), Beltz Juventa, 69469 Weinheim, ISSN: 0341-1966, 2022 #3, S.181

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Print ISSN

0341-1966

Verlag

Beltz Juventa

Autoren

Monica Barry / Stephen Farrall / Alan France

Schlagwörter

Staat
Individualisierung
Neoliberalismus
Soziale Praxis
Social Practice
individualization
Bewährungshilfe
neo-liberalism
the state
Probation
epistemological fallacy
Desistance
epistemologischer Fehlschluss